Tuesday, October 29, 2013

Install Ubuntu without a livecd or pendrive

So i decided to upgrade my desktop's ubuntu..



it had been rocking some version of Ubuntu 11 for a few years.. was time for a change. So i got the latest version (13.10) from the site,



burnt a live dvd and popped it in. nothing happend on boot! after a lot of fiddling i gave up on the live cd route, and decided to use a live usb. thats how i installed it on my Dell XPS earlier this year...



So i created a live USB.. and that didnt work either. Basically the motherboard was so old, it didn't support usb booting!



Since the wifi card was having issues i decided to try something i've never done before: Install Ubuntu directly from the hard drive.



Basically what you do is

1) copy the downloaded cd iso to a specific location

2) make an entry in GRUB2(this only works in GRUB 1.9 onwards) so that you can just boot the iso..



heres how you do it(required basic terminal navigation knowledge.. that i googled)



STEP1 - The Live CD is also known as the "Desktop Installer". It is the default Ubuntu installation CD. The ISO you downloaded has the name "desktop" in its name copy it somewhere easy to navigate to(later you'll need to type the address in terminal)



STEP2 - Copy CD/iso contents over to the system using the commands:


mkdir /tmp/install_cd
mkdir /tmp/installer

sudo mount disk-image.iso -o loop /tmp/install_cd
sudo mount /dev/sda1 /tmp/installer

sudo rsync -a /tmp/install_cd/ /tmp/installer

sudo umount /tmp/install_cd
sudo umount /tmp/installer



Replace the name of the ISO to whatever you downloaded and /dev/sda1 with whatever your new partition is(use system monitor to check the disk and partition names).



STEP3 - Edit your grub configuration file



GRUB1 users :

to edit the Grub file as root(so you can save your changes) run this


gksudo gedit /etc/grub.conf

or

gksudo gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst





Edit your grub configuration file to boot from the new partition by adding the lines


title installer
root (hd0,0)
kernel /casper/vmlinuz boot=casper root=/dev/ram ramdisk_size=1048576 rw
initrd /casper/initrd.gz





the first line after the title tells grub which partition contains the installer. hd0 stands for "first hard disk," and the 0 following it standards for first partition. You will need to change this if your installer partition is different from /dev/sda1. sdaN becomes (hd0, N-1), sdbN becomes (hd1,N-1) and so on. As you can see, grub starts counting from 0, which can be confusing.



GRUB2 users :

to edit the Grub file as root(so you can save your changes) run this


gksudo gedit /etc/grub.d/40_custom





With Grub2, the bootloader in new installations of 9.10, the procedure is a little different. You should edit the file /etc/grub.d/40_custom and add the lines


menuentry "installer" {
insmod ext2
set root=(hd0,1)
linux /casper/vmlinuz boot=casper root=/dev/ram1 ramdisk_size=1048576 rw
initrd /casper/initrd.lz
}



Note that Grub 2 counts drives from 0, but partitions from 1, so /dev/sda1 becomes (hd0,1).



STEP4 - Having done that run


update-grub



to rebuild the grub configuration.



Reboot and hold "shift" to see grub(incase its hidden) and select the installer.





for more detailed instructions.. like how to install ubuntu to a different partition etc.. check the page i found this originally - here.



For the entire list of methods available for installing Ubuntu on a problem system, check this comprehensive page.







via Inaccessible is Accessible http://my.opera.com/chaitanyak/blog/show.dml/110349182
Post a Comment